Now, in the summer, it comes again to problems with swollen legs. In order to find the cause of the complaint, two things have to be said first: Is the swelling acute or chronic? Does it occur on both sides or only on one leg?
Acute swelling may be due to: venous drainage (eg thrombosis), arterial occlusion, so-called Baker’s cysts (swelling caused by wear and tear of the knee joints). Likewise, the infectious skin disease rot rot as a cause into consideration.
Chronic swelling often indicates a chronic weakness of the venous valves, lymphatic drainage disorders or lipoedema (increase of fatty tissue).
If only one leg is swollen, especially a venous thrombosis must be excluded. Bilateral swelling in turn, in addition to the chronic causes mentioned also z. B. by a heart condition, a liver or kidney disease, a protein deficiency syndrome and – more rarely – be triggered by a tumor disease.
In addition, certain factors can aggravate or even cause the discomfort: In summer, heat causes the vessels to dilate, causing the blood to sag more and less well to pump back to the heart. Long sitting or standing also favors the swelling of the legs. For this reason, especially lack of exercise and overweight increase the risk of swollen legs.
In acute cases: keep legs up. In most cases, the cooling of the affected leg is also recommended; the circling of the feet activates the muscle pump. Particularly effective in venous disorders is the wearing of compression stockings.
Caution: If the cause of leg swelling is unclear or if the problem has been proven to be caused by a medical problem such as heart failure or arterial vascular disease, you should refrain from taking the above-mentioned measures before further medical examination.
You should go to the doctor if …
… the symptoms occur suddenly. In particular, if the swelling is unilateral and painful, there is a suspicion of phlebitis or venous thrombosis.
… In addition, chronic leg swelling requires clarification.
Since venous disease plays a decisive role in venous diseases, the symptoms can only be limited to a limited extent. Certain measures, however, can be very helpful in terms of prevention: It is advisable to move a lot, if possible, not to sit or stand much. Especially during sedentary activities one should move the feet again and again by turning them and pulling the foot pad upwards towards the lower leg.
Recommended sports are mainly swimming, Nordic walking, cycling. Also Lymphdrainagen and massages have swelling tendency often a favorable effect. To counteract congestion, one should give up too restrictive clothing and high-heeled shoes. In addition to taking herbal vein medicines, wearing compression stockings or tights is particularly effective for venous disorders.
Source: Medizin Populaer