Plant and nurture cherry tree
A cherry tree, especially the sweet cherry, is quite easy to maintain and rather unpretentious. It fits practically in every garden. What you should pay attention to anyway, if you want to plant and care for a cherry tree, you can read here.
Select cherry tree by variety
If you want to harvest delicious fruits every year, we recommend the sweet cherry for you. It is available in different varieties that bear their fruits at different times in spring and summer. You can harvest especially early on the varieties “Kassins Frühherzkirsche” and “Burlat”. Here the cherries are already ripe in May. The varieties “Kordia”, “Regina”, “Hedelfinger Riesenkirsche” and “Schneider’s Late Cartilage” will follow in July.
The right location
Although sweet cherries need little care, they develop particularly well when they are in a warm and sunny spot, ideally in a south-facing position. The soil should be deep and humic to provide the cherry tree with lots of nutrients. When replanting sweet cherries are rather sensitive: Planting them in a location where already has grown a cherry tree, this can limit the growth of the new tree or even lead to an early Vergreisung. When choosing the location, make sure that the tree has enough space, because it can grow up to 20 meters.
Another factor that should be considered when choosing a location is the tree species and its corresponding growth behavior. Some varieties are strong, others are weak. The latter are particularly suitable for smaller gardens.
Nevertheless, with the right pruning the direction of growth and the crown shape can be regulated. The most popular is the pyramid crown. It facilitates the harvest and is therefore used in many nurseries.
Tips for planting
Plant a sweet cherry best in the fall and prepare the soil with some compost. Appropriately preferred trees with roots can also be planted in spring. In order for the cherry tree to really bear fruit, you should either choose a self-pollinated variety or plant another cherry variety nearby (at least seven meters away) to pollinate the flowers. Even sour cherries are planted in the fall and like a sunny, but not too dry location.
The cherry tree cut
Like most fruit trees, cherry trees should be cut every year after harvest. The best time for this is July or August – at the latest by the beginning of autumn, a cut is necessary.
Remove old, dead wood and twigs that grow almost vertically to keep the tree in shape. But you should not cut the tree too hard. Just clear the crown and remove any vertical branches that cross over and rub against each other. The cuts should be sealed with a dressing of tree wax.
Young trees get a different cut. Here, the cutting of branches is more of a control over the direction of growth – they regulate this with the pruning of branches. To do this, remove any inward-growing shoots or branches that intersect. Also water shoots should be removed. A clue can provide you with the cut plan for a fruit tree.
If the tree is higher than 250 centimeters, you should intervene in a young tree slightly regulating here. For this purpose, the master drive is shortened accordingly. The remaining upwardly growing branches are removed near the branch.
Diseases and pests in cherry trees
Cherry trees can be attacked by various pests and diseases. Particularly common are the Monilia lace drought, the Monilia fruit rot, the tan and the shotgun disease. The diseases are caused by fungi. Affected plant parts must be removed and carefully disposed of so that the fungus can not spread. If possible, also disinfect the cutting tools used.
As pests occur in the weakened or old cherry tree on the cherry fruit fly and the black cherry louse. These can be used, for example, with protection nets, yellow traps or with nematodes, ie nematodes that act as beneficial insects.