Diving Disease: Avoid consequences for the body
The diving disease is one of the diving accidents that occur when divers uncontrolled and reappear too quickly. However, there are simple strategies to avoid decompression sickness.
Causes and consequences of the diving disease
The deeper you dive, the higher the pressure that surrounds you and affects your body. To withstand this pressure, the oxygen mixture in the compressed air cylinder is enriched with nitrogen (or other gases). The nitrogen passes into the blood, penetrates from there into the body tissue and saturates it. It takes place in this way a pressure equalization of the entire body.
When you emerge, the ambient pressure decreases again and the nitrogen dissolves again from the cells. However, this requires sufficient time for the nitrogen to be transported away via the blood. Too rapid emergence can cause the nitrogen to dissolve too quickly and into the gaseous state before you can exhale it. The resulting gas bubbles hinder the blood flow, so that individual body parts are not adequately supplied with blood.
Depending on the severity of the diving disease, the consequences of extreme sports can vary. While itching and joint pain are among the more harmless consequences, severe cases of paralysis or loss of senses may occur in severe cases.
Avoid diving disease: emerge safely
Slow and thus safe surfacing is one of the most important strategies to avoid the diving disease. According to the magazine “Underwater”, divers should make a three-minute safety stop every five meters to carefully accustom the body to the decreasing ambient pressure. Thus, the nitrogen dissolves only slowly and can be exhaled safely.
During the safety stop, you should avoid efforts as much as possible. Ideally, divers are in a horizontal position in the water to avoid a pressure gradient in the lungs. The advantage: inhaling and exhaling is easier and there is more lung volume available, so that more nitrogen can be exhaled.
Tip: Avoid shallow, fast breathing, but breathe deeply and deeply to avoid decompression sickness.
Preventive measures against the diving disease
Already before the dive, you can take preventative measures to minimize the risk of the diving disease. Basically, you should have sufficient fitness for water sports. Because a strengthened cardiovascular system ensures improved blood circulation and thus a rapid removal of nitrogen.
Just as helpful to avoid the decompression sickness is a high fluid intake before diving. In this way, the flow properties of the blood and thus the removal of nitrogen during the emergence phase can be improved. According to “underwater”, you should start drinking a few hours before the dive for a sufficient effect.